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Charly García

Charly García, born Carlos Alberto García Moreno (October 23, 1951) is an Argentine singer-songwriter, musician and producer. Within his vast career he formed some of the bands long considered as the most popular in Argentina’s rock history: Sui Generis in the 1970s and Serú Girán in the 1980s, plus cult status groups like progressive-rock act La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros. Since the 80’s García has worked mostly as a solo musician

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. His main instruments is the piano, together with guitar and keyboards.

García is widely considered by critics as one of the most influential rock artists in the Spanish rock scene, and (together with Luis Alberto Spinetta) as “The Father of Argentinian Rock”.

Charly García was the eldest son in an upper-middle class family. His father taught mathematics and physics in elementary school, while his mother produced radio music shows, mainly shows featuring folkloric music.

Charly began to show musical talent at an early age. At three, he received a toy piano as a gift, and soon he surprised his mother with his ability to compose and play coherent melodies, leading her to enlist him in a prestigious conservatory, the Thibaud Piazzini. At age twelve, he graduated as a Music Professor. Charly developed absolute pitch as a child.

The Beatles appeared in Charly’s life when he was thirteen. Having previously only been exposed to classical music and folk, he would describe the Beatles as “classical music from Mars”. In high school he met Carlos Alberto “Nito” Mestre and the two fused their bands to give birth to Sui Generis.

The band at first experimented with psychedelic rock, but its style would quickly establish as folk-rock with some little influence from the symphonic rock of the day. At their first big gig, the band’s bassist, guitarist and drummer all failed to appear. Only Charlie (García spelled his name with “ie” back then) and Nito showed up, playing piano and flute respectively. They were forced to play on their own, and were a hit with the audience despite the other musicians’ absence. The band’s strength lay in the songs’ musical simplicity and romantic lyrics, which appealed widely to teenagers.

In 1972, Sui Generis released its first LP, Vida, which quickly became popular among Argentine teenagers. Confesiones de invierno (“Winter Confessions”), their second LP, was released in 1973. This album showcased higher production values and better studio equipment, and was very successful commercially.

1974 was a year of changes. Charlie lost interest in “the piano and flute” sound that Sui Generis had been developing, and decided that Sui Generis needed a change; the band would evolve to a more traditional rock sound, incorporating bass and drums. To that end, Rinaldo Rafanelli and Juan Rodríguez joined the band. In many live shows, Sui Generis also counted in with a gifted guitar player, David Lebón, whom Charly admired very much.

With new lining and style, the band was ready to launch its new album. Originally titled Instituciones, its name was changed to Pequeñas anécdotas de las instituciones at the producer’s suggestion. The album was intended as a reflection on the unstable nature of Argentine social and political institutions at the time. Charlie’s initial concept was to write a song for every traditional institution: the Roman Catholic Church, the government, the family, the judicial system, the police, the army, and so on. However, two songs, “Juan Represión”, about the police, and “Botas locas”, about the army, were eliminated from the album by the censors. Two more, which referred to censorship itself, had to be partially modified. While Sui Generis achieved a different, more mature sound with Instituciones, its public did not embrace it, preferring the band’s previous style, and so the album sold poorly. Around this time Charlie met his future wife, María Rosa Yorio, a singer-songwriter who became the mother of his first son, Migue García (es).

Charly García continued composing, and during 1975, he prepared what would be Sui Generis’s fourth album, Ha sido (“Has Been”), or a play on the word ácido, acid. However, growing frictions between Charly and Nito and a wearying public prevented the album’s release, and the decision was made to dissolve the band. Many songs from that ill-fated album were later included in other García’s LPs, such as Bubulina (1976) and Eiti Leda (1978).

Finally, on September 9, 1975, Sui Generis scenified its farewell at the Luna Park Stadium, giving two shows for 20 thousand people — the largest audience in the history of Argentine rock at the time. The shows have been recalled as delirium-inducing, adrenaline-fueled delivery of great music. Two LPs recorded at the live shows were released that year, Adiós Sui Generis (“Goodbye Sui Generis“) volumes I and II.

In 1976, Sui Generis also recorded a long player with Argentine musicians León Gieco, Raúl Porchetto, and María Rosa Yorio. The LP was called “Porsuigieco” (mix of Raúl PORchetto, SUI Generis, León GIECO).

After Sui Generis, certain things changed in Charly’s life. From now on, he would be “Charly” instead of Charlie. Right after his son’s birth, he broke up with María Rosa Yorio, who left with Nito Mestre. Charly met Marisa Pederneiras (nicknamed “Zoca”), who was from Brazil, and they became lovers.

Charly continued working on musical projects. He now wanted to form a symphonic rock band. With Gustavo Bazterrica (guitar), Carlos Cutaia (keyboards), José Luis Fernández (bass guitar and cello), Oscar Moro (drums) and Charly García (keyboards and voice), “La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros” (“The bird-making machine”) was born. Clarín, the most widely read newspaper in Argentina, carried a comic strip called “El Sr. García y la máquina de hacer pájaros” (“Mr. García and the bird making machine”) by Crist. Liking the name, Charly chose it for the band — not for egotistical motives, as it may seem.

La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros recorded two albums: La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros (1976) and Películas (“Movies”, 1977). Some of the songs on “Movies” contained a political message directed against the country’s last civil-military dictartoship (1976-1983), at a time when its dictator Jorge Rafael Videla was the leading figure of the military junta; and censorship, political repression, torture and murder as well as disappearances reached new heights, and the military government ruled by spreading State-sponsored terrorism. Perhaps as a result of the ambitious and complicated nature of its musical project, La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros did not achieve popularity.

Finally, in that same year (1977), the band played its farewell concert during the “Festival del amor” (“Festival of Love”), which was recorded and released three years later on the LP Música del alma (“Music From The Soul”). After the concert Charly went to a hotel with Zoca, where together they made the decision to escape to São Paulo large metal water bottle, Brazil.

In São Paulo, Charly met Zoca’s parents. The Pederneiras being a family of artists, they were fascinated with Charly. Artistically speaking, García was influenced by certain Brazilian artists, notably Milton Nascimento. Despite Sui Generis’ commercial successes, Charly was destitute. In 1978, he lived a nature-centered lifestyle with Zoca in Brazil, fishing and gathering fruit. Soon David Lebón, an Argentine musician and a friend of Sui Generis, joined them. Having a new musical partner, Charly again played, and the seed of a new musical project was planted. Charly was now determined to form a new band, but he was still broke. Making his way back to Buenos Aires, he began a new search for bandmates.

Charly needed a bass player and a drummer, and he found both when he saw a band called Pastoral play. There he recruited a talented 19-year-old bass player, Pedro Aznar, as well his old partner from La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros, drummer Oscar Moro. The new band comprised Charly García on keyboards, guitar and voice, David Lebón on guitar, percussion and voice, Pedro Aznar on bass, keyboards and voice, and Oscar Moro on drums. Charly and David were the main songwriters.

Charly now had a complete band, but still lacked money. At this point Charly signed a contract with a production group, although the terms of this deal were not advantageous to Charly. He did raise enough money to return to São Paulo with his new bandmates and record their first album. The band chose the name Serú Girán. “Serú Girán” was a combination of meaningless words Charly had invented as part of an eponymous nonsense song he wrote in São Paulo. The other band members liked the name so much that they also called their first album Serú Girán, featuring the song “Serú Girán”.

The band returned to Buenos Aires with great expectations for García’s new project. Their first show, in the traditional Arena Obras Sanitarias, was again advertised as “Charly García… and Serú Girán”, due to contractual reasons. Thereafter, however, the name “Charly García” would no longer appear in the advertising — the band would simply go by Serú Girán. That first show was poorly received, the public having expected a new incarnation of Sui Generis. Serú Girán was completely different. The band had a new sound in which Aznar’s fretless bass guitar was a key component, and a striking aesthetic with lyrics full of poetry. Puzzled audiences requested Sui Generis’ old songs. In 1978, disco music was fashionable in Argentina. As a joke, Serú Girán played a song called Disco Shock, angering the public, whose rejection marred the show.

The following day, the “specialized” press called Serú Girán the worst band in Argentina and charged that David Lebón’s vocals on their songs sounded “homosexual”. The band’s relationship with the media was not cordial. One number of a popular Argentine magazine called Gente carried a disparaging article titled “Charly García: ¿Ídolo o qué?” (“Idol or what?”). Despite the chilly reception, Serú Girán’s members were convinced they had a good project and persisted, organizing more shows. They eventually garnered some acceptance from an audience that warmed up to their style.

Serú Girán carried on during 1979 and evolved markedly. Their new LP was titled La grasa de las capitales (“Grease”, or “Fat”, “of the Capitals”) and its cover was a joke directed at the magazine Gente. The stronger and more direct nature of the lyrics, which criticized the media, including specifically magazines (especially Gente), fashionable music, radio and so on almost got them sent to jail. The public, however, gave the album an enthusiastic reception. The band’s shows improved progressively, and eventually were performed in larger venues. The “specialized” press changed its tune, and a romance seemed to develop between the people and Serú Girán.

Expectations were high in 1980 for Serú Girán’s new long play, which would be called Bicicleta (“Bicycle”) — a name that Charly had favored for the band (but was panned by the other members). The band sounded more mature on this record. The music was modern and strong, a key feature being the melodies. The role of the bass guitar was again central, and Pedro Aznar’s work became more prominent.

In 1979, Charly almost went to jail because of the band’s lyrics, considered too clear and direct in some quarters. Even as the music’s political message became stronger, it was concealed in an effort to avoid censorship and another close call with the authorities. But the message remained, ready to be heard by ears that wanted to hear it. “Canción de Alicia en el país” (“Song of Alice in the (Wonder) Land”) drew an uncanny analogy between Lewis Carroll’s story and the Argentine military government. “Encuentro con el diablo” (“Meeting with the Devil”) is a reference to the band’s meeting with Albano Harguindeguy, who was frequently referred to, behind his back, as the “Devil”. A military man, he was Security Minister during those years. He gave talks to some artists, ordering them to tone down their work or leave the country — a policy that led many artists to leave Argentina at that time.

Eventually, the band was very commercially successful; fans found its shows amazing and considered Serú Girán’s music Charly’s best ever. Serú Girán was dubbed “The Argentine Beatles”, and Charly began to receive recognition as a great artist. Serú Girán was the first popular rock band that drew a following from among both the rich and the poor; rock was no longer circumscribed to its historically marginal position. In a recent interview, David Lebón said, “Actually we were much more like Procol Harum than the Beatles, a legendary band: a rock “viola” (slang for guitar) player (Lebón), a classical pianist (García) an infernal percussionist (Moro) and a virtuoso bass player (Aznar)”.

Luis Alberto Spinetta was another Argentine rock star of the time. His first band, Almendra, was one of the first in Argentine rock, getting its start before Sui Generis; now he had a band called Spinetta Jade. Perhaps because his style was darker, more complicated, and found harder to understand by many, he was a less popular star than Charly, and they were portrayed as enemies. Luis and Charly put that myth to bed on September 13, 1980, as their bands, Serú Girán and Spinetta Jade, played together in what has been considered one of the greatest shows in the history of Argentine rock.

Patricia Perea, a journalist who worked for a magazine called El Expreso Imaginario (“Imaginary Express”), was not among the fans of Serú Girán. The magazine disliked them and criticized them strongly after they played in Córdoba, Perea’s hometown. Serú Girán took revenge on Ms. Perea through their fourth LP: Peperina, directed at her, featuring a song about her which was also called “Peperina”. In Córdoba Province, the traditional Argentine infusion yerba mate is mixed with the herb “menta peperina” (Bystropogon mollis, similar to peppermint), which is also used as a tea. Followers of the band considered Peperina a fantastic album with great melodies, superb performance from Aznar, and the songs—which are critical, especially of high society—poetic. Peperina can be viewed as a summary of Serú Girán’s work.

One of the songs on Peperina is titled “Llorando en el espejo” (“Crying in the mirror”), and contains a phrase that says “La línea blanca se terminó/no hay señales en tus ojos y estoy/llorando en el espejo…” (“The white line is up, /(there are) no signs in your eyes and I’m/crying in the mirror…”). With its sad melody, the tears, the mirror, and that “white line”, the song seems to portray cocaine addiction. At the time, these lyrics did not draw much attention.

Peperina carried a political message. The song “José Mercado” (“Market Joe”) was a clear reference to José Martínez de Hoz, the minister of economy. The lyrics “José Mercado compra todo importado (…) / José es licenciado en economía, pasa la vida comprando porquerías” (which translate as “Market Joe only buys imported stuff (…) Joe has a degree in economy, spends his life buying garbage”) referred to Argentina’s policy of economic liberalism, with its profusion of imported (and often low-quality) products.

1981 may have been the best year for the band in terms of live performances. In 2000, a Serú Girán fan found some tape recordings of a December 1981 show at the Teatro Coliseo and took them to Serú Girán drummer Oscar Moro, who “cleaned” them for the CD Yo no quiero volverme tan loco (“I don’t want to go that crazy”) published in 2000.

In early 1982, Pedro Aznar left the band to study at Boston’s Berklee College of Music. (It is a very common mistake to assume that Aznar left Serú for Pat Metheny’s band, one of his favorite musicians. Aznar joined Metheny’s group just one full year later, in 1983). In March 1982, Serú returned to Obras Sanitarias to say goobdye to Pedro and put on a highly successful show which was recorded, and released that year as No llores por mí, Argentina (“Don’t cry for me, Argentina”). With the loss of Aznar, the band initially considered the idea of having David Lebón play both guitar and bass. But Lebón and Charly had some differences chalked up to “musical taste”, and without Pedro Aznar things were not the same. Moreover, both were mature enough to begin their own careers and that was the end of Serú Girán, until the group reunited between 1992 and 1993 for a series of live concerts and a studio album.

In 1982, Argentina was undergoing political change. After the Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur) in June, social chaos erupted and the military government lost part of its power.

Charly García debuted as a soloist with a double LP, Pubis Angelical (“Angelical Pubis”), which was the eponymous movie’s soundtrack, and the powerful Yendo de la cama al living (“Going from the bed to the living room”). Four hit songs from this album left their historical mark:

The LP’s presentation took place in December at the Ferrocarril Oeste Stadium (or Ferro). As the song “No bombardeen Buenos Aires” drew to a close near the end of the show, backdrop props simulating Buenos Aires were destroyed with fireworks.

In 1983, Charly left Buenos Aires with a small suitcase. When he came back to Buenos Aires from New York, he brought a quality LP titled Clics modernos (“Modern Clicks”) that was different from anything previously done in Argentine rock — it was highly singable rock music you could also dance to. Its strong message referred the past years: Exodus in “Plateado sobre plateado (huellas en el mar)” (“Silver on Silver, Footprints on the Sea”), repression in “Nos siguen pegando abajo” (“They keep hitting us down there”), “No me dejan salir” (“They won’t let me out”) and “Los dinosaurios” (“The Dinosaurs”), a nostalgic but defiant remembrance of those who were kidnapped or killed.

On December 10, the course of Argentine history took a turn as the government became a democracy. Charly performed many well-received shows in 1984, and recorded another album during its last months. García also recorded an LP called Terapia intensiva (“Intensive care”), another movie soundtrack. Piano Bar was released in 1984, completing García’s golden trilogy.

During these years, García’s band was home to many future Argentine music stars, including Andrés Calamaro, Fito Páez, Pablo Guyot, Willy Iturri, Alfredo Toth and Fabiana Cantilo.

After the success of Piano Bar, which was García’s consecration as a soloist, 1985 was a year to slow down. Charly met again with Pedro Aznar in New York by chance, but they took advantage of this meeting and recorded Tango. The disc had some interesting material, but it did not achieve commercial success primarily due to limited distribution.

In 1987, García came back with Parte de la Religión (“Part of the Religion”), a very interesting LP. Many songs from that LP became hits. Two of them, “No voy en tren” (“I don’t take the train”) and “Necesito tu amor” (“I need your love”) are the perfect symbol of García’s dichotomies: the first one says “No necesito a nadie a nadie alrededor” (“I don’t need anybody around me”), and the second one says “Yo necesito tu amor/tu amor me salva y me sirve” (“I need your love/your love saves me and is useful to me”). This LP is also featured a song, “Rezo por vos” (“I pray for you”), which was part of a project with Luis Alberto Spinetta that was never finished.

In 1988, Charly made his acting debut at the age of 36, playing a nurse in the movie Lo que vendrá (“What is to come”), the soundtrack of which he also composed. Being a nurse had long been one of García’s obsessions. Later that year, the Amnesty International festival wrapped up in Buenos Aires. Starring international and local rock stars, Peter Gabriel, Bruce Springsteen, Sting, Charly García and León Gieco were there.

In 1989, Puerto Rican pop star Wilkins invited Charly to record his classic “Yo No Quiero Volverme Tan Loco”, alongside Ilan Chester, from Venezuela, as a tribute to “Rock en Español”; the song was featured in Wilkins’ L.A-N.Y. album.

Later that year, Charly released a new album, Cómo conseguir chicas (“How to get girls”). This would probably be his last “normal” album. He described it as “Just a bunch of songs that were never published for different reasons”.

Charly’s father had long ago told him, “Never write an anagram for someone if you don’t want him or her to be pissed off”. During the Serú Girán years, his friend David Lebón told him something similar: “Do not write a song for a woman if you love her, because she’ll leave you”. The LP includes a song titled “Shisyastawuman” (a deliberately direct transliteration of “She’s just a woman”), the first song García recorded in English that was written to a woman. The woman left him after hearing the song, just like Lebón had warned. A song named “Zocacola” that Charly dedicated to Zoca was included in this LP as well. A couple of months after the disc was released, Zoca left him.

García had changed. Physically, he looked older. His music was dark, and the earlier symphonical García from La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros was gone. Now, Charly’s sound was closer to either punk rock, with violent songs such as “No toquen” (“Do Not Touch”), or a depressive and dark style as shown in “No me verás en el subte” (“You Won’t See Me in the Subway”). Different and adverse times lay ahead.

For the international tour in 1989/1990, García formed a new band with Hilda Lizarazu, who sang backup vocals for Charly.

In 1990, Charly had many ideas but no band. Another important member of the band, Fabián “Zorrito” Von Quintiero, had left to join another band, Los Ratones Paranoicos (The Paranoid Mice). Hilda Lizarazu and Carlos García López started a band called Man Ray. Charly was now alone. For his new disc, Filosofía barata y zapatos de goma (“Cheap Philosophy and Rubber Shoes”), he called many of his old friends, who helped record most of the songs. Assisting him, among others, were Andrés Calamaro, Rinaldo Rafanelli, Fabiana Cantilo, “Nito” Mestre, Pedro Aznar, Fabián Von Quintiero and even Hilda Lizarazu. The first issue came once the disc was released. Its last song was a rock version of the “Himno Nacional Argentino”, or the Argentine national anthem. Amid controversy, García’s version of the national anthem was forbidden for some days, but García was victorious, a judge authorizing the song. Many people liked it, seeing it as a fresh, sincere, strong and respectful version of the old song.

That year, the Government of Buenos Aires organized Mi Buenos Aires Rock (My B.A. rock), a public rock festival on Avenue 9 de Julio, the city’s most famous avenue. Every act was scheduled to play 30 minutes, but Charly played for over two hours. He closed the festival playing his version of the national anthem to one hundred thousand people.

In December 1992, Charly again embraced his past and surprisingly re-joined Serú Girán. Charly García, David Lebón, Pedro Aznar and Oscar Moro were back after ten years. A new album was recorded, titled Serú 92. It enjoyed great commercial success, but musically was sharply different from Serú Girán’s other discs.

Serú Girán performed two blockbuster shows at the Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti, the largest in Argentina. Serú Girán had always been at its best when live, the four members playing very well together. This time, in Moro’s words, “the show sounded like Charly García and Serú Girán”.

After not having released any new solo material since 1990, in 1994 García was ready to strike back. The new project was called La hija de “La Lágrima” (“The Tear’s Daughter”). This LP would be an introduction to the future concept of Say No More.

Also during 1994, the Soccer World Cup was being played in the United States. Soccer player legend Diego Armando Maradona was involved in a dispute with FIFA regarding a drug test for ephedrine doping, which he failed, preventing him from playing. After Diego was sent home, Argentina lost two important matches and was knocked out of the World Cup. When the last match was about to end, Charly called Diego on his cell phone and sang to him “live” the Maradona’s Blues, a song he composed for him. Diego cried when he heard “Un accidente no es pecado/y no es pecado estar así” (“An accident is not a sin/And is not a sin to be like this”), and the two struck up a friendship.

1995 was again a musical year. García formed a new band for touring on summertime (with María Gabriela Epumer, Juan Bellia, Fabián Von Quintiero, Jorge Suárez and Fernando Samalea) and named it as “Casandra Lange”. His idea with the band was to play songs Charly had heard as a teen, such as “Sympathy for the Devil” (Mick Jagger–Keith Richards) and “There’s a Place” (John Lennon–Paul McCartney). He recorded the performances and edit a live album, Estaba en llamas cuando me acosté (“I was on fire when went to bed”). All of the songs in this album are in English except for “Te recuerdo invierno” (“I remember you, winter”), which García had written in the early 1970s but never recorded with Sui Generis. In May, Charly recorded Hello! MTV Unplugged, which is often considered by music critics as the last time that the rock star played his music to his full potential.

Say No More arrived in 1996. Say No More was a new concept for García: “‘Say No More’ would be in music what painting directly on the canvas would be for a painter” football uniforms for youth, he explained. He also said that the LP “will only be understood in 20 years”. Some sparks of his genius showed, but longtime fans of Charly were not very fond of it at first. Today, however, the album is considered García’s masterpiece, and “Say no more” the classic slogan identifying Charly García and all his music.

During 1997, García recorded Alta Fidelidad (“High Fidelity”) with Mercedes Sosa. Both had known each other since his childhood, so they decided to publish a collaborative work on which Mercedes would sing her favorite García songs of all time.

In 1998, El aguante (“Holding On”) was released. This production featured many covers translated to Spanish by García, like “Tin Soldier” (Small Faces), or “Roll over Beethoven” (Chuck Berry). A significant song which was not included was “A Whiter Shade of Pale”, originally released by Procol Harum, a band that Charly had always admired.

In February 1999, García performed at the close of the free public-rock festival “Buenos Aires Vivo III” (BA Live III). There he played a huge concert for 250.000 fans who attended one of the biggest concerts in Argentina to date. In July 1999, Charly agreed to give a private performance at the Quinta de Olivos (the Argentine Presidential residence), at the invitation of the president, Carlos Saúl Menem. On a televised bit of this event he was seen in good spirits, carrying out antics such as playing with the security cameras, or trying to teach the president how to play the piano. A limited edition of a disc memorializing the famous concert, Charly & Charly, was released that year. Since its release, Charly & Charly has been out of print, and is currently available only in bootleg copies on Internet sites.

In 2000, Charly and Nito Mestre decided to bring Sui Generis back to life. For the special occasion, they both composed the songs for a new LP, “Sinfonías para adolescentes” (“Symphonies for Adolescents”). Of course, things were very different after 25 years, but young and older fans were excited by the idea of the return of Sui Generis. This new period would be marked by García’s new “sound concept” of Maravillización or “Making something marvellous”, replacing the old dark “Say no more” style.

Finally Sui Generis played again in the Boca Juniors’s Stadium, for 25.000 fans on December 7, 2000. Charly respected his fans and his old partner, and played for almost four hours in front of a delighted public, despite of the “differences” between the old and the new model Sui Generis, as regards sound, Charly’s voice and behaviour, etc.

Many journalists and some fans criticized this return, stating that the main cause for it was the money and that both members of the band had changed so much, that the new album and show had nothing to do with the “real” Sui Generis.

During 2001, ¡Si! Detrás de las paredes (“B [the musical note]! Behind the Walls”) was edited as the second and last Sui Generis’s LP in this new era. It was a mash up between live versions of the Boca Juniors’s concert, new songs (as “Telepáticamente”) and some versions of old songs. (such as “Rasguña Las Piedras”, featuring Gustavo Cerati, former leader of Soda Stereo). Besides on October 23, 2001, Charly reached age 50. For the occasion, a special concert in the Colliseum Theater was organized.

After this interruption in his solo Career, Charly got back to the spotlight after releasing Influencia (“Influence”) in 2002. This new disc contained some interesting songs that made an impact in the Latin American world of Rock, such as “Tu Vicio” (“Your Vice”), “Influencia” (“Influence”, translated cover from Todd Rundgren’s original “Influenza”) and “I’m Not In Love” (featuring Tony Sheridan). Even though it included old songs as “Happy And Real” (from Tango IV, 1991) or “Uno A Uno” (“One to one”, from El Aguante, 1998) and different versions of the same songs, this was probably García’s best album since 1994.

Live concerts of Influencia were probably Charly’s best in a long, long time. With the strong support of María Gabriela Epumer in chorus and guitar, Charly showed up in many different concerts, such as two in the Luna Park Stadium, Viña del Mar and Cosquín Rock with correct performances.

Finally in October 2003, Charly released Rock and Roll, Yo (“Rock and Roll, Me”), dedicated to María Gabriela. The songs weren’t as good as those in Influencia, his voice often sounds out of tune and, once again the LP contained too many versions and translated covers such as “Linda Bailarina” (“Pretty Ballerina”, Michael Brown) or “Wonder” (“Love´S in Need of Love Today” by Stevie Wonder). This time his shows weren’t so convincing, and Epumer’s absence could be felt by the fans.

On April 30, 2007 Charly performed in the Plaza de Mayo in Buenos Aires at the invitation of the Madres de la Plaza for their 30th Anniversary. Around that time García routinely performed throughout Argentina and South America.

Also, since 2004, one of his most remarkable “positive” landmarks was to play once again in Casa Rosada, the Argentine Government Palace. This event took place during the presidency of Néstor Kirchner.

On 14 June 2008 the Clarín newspaper reported that Charly García was taken to a hospital in the city of Mendoza due to a violent episode in which the musician thrashed a hotel room in Mendoza. Sources related the incident to an overdose of drugs and alcohol.

After the incident García’s friend, Palito Ortega, took Charly to his country estate in Buenos Aires Province, where Ortega helped him to begin a treatment with several doctors and psychiatrists to cure his addiction. The recovery process took almost an entire year.

After the long recovery, a cured and stable Charly came back in August 2009 with a new song called “Deberías Saber Por qué” (You Should Know Why). The song became a hit and soon Charly embarked on a large tour through Chile and Perú to promote his return. On October 23 García celebrated his 58th birthday with a concert in Velez Sarfield’s Stadium, Argentina. This concert has been referred to as “The Underwater Concert” because of the heavy rain that fell.

In October 2011, Charly was the last guest on Susana Giménez Show’s final episode. While appearing on the show, he performed the song “Desarma y Sangra”, originally from his band Serú Girán.

In September 2013, Charly performed in an exclusive show called “Líneas Paralelas, Artificio imposible” (Parallel Lines, Impossible Craft) at Teatro Colón, along with two string quartets (baptized “Kashmir Orchestra” in homage to the band Led Zeppelin) and his bandmates “The Prostitution”. At the venue, they made classical arrangements to Charly’s own songs under his own musical direction. Charly has gone to Mendoza City to present various compositions across his life, specially since the 2000s.

In 2016 Charly had several health problems and appeared to walk in and out of clinics and medical controls. In March 2017, after months of speculation about Charly’s health, he surprisingly announced the release of his new studio album, Random, which is entirely made of new original compositions. Since its release, the album has received mostly positive reviews and important record sales.

On 19 April 2017 Charly accused Bruno Mars and Mark Ronson of plagiarism, stating that their song “Uptown Funk” stealed the initial accords and riff of his classic song “Fanky”, from Cómo conseguir chicas (1989).

Pointe-Sauvage

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Nouveau-Brunswick

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Nouveau-Brunswick

Pointe-Sauvage, parfois appelé Indian Point, est un village de la Péninsule acadienne, dans le comté de Gloucester, au nord-est de la province canadienne du Nouveau-Brunswick. Le village a le statut de DSL.

Pointe-Sauvage est généralement considérée comme faisant partie de l’Acadie.

Le sous-sol de Pointe-Sauvage est composé principalement de roches sédimentaires du groupe de Pictou datant du Pennsylvanien (entre 300 et 311 millions d’années).

Pointe-Sauvage est situé dans le territoire historique des Micmacs, plus précisément dans le district de Sigenigteoag personalised football t shirts, qui comprend l’actuel côte Est du Nouveau-Brunswick, jusqu’à la baie de Fundy. Selon William Francis Ganong, le site est susceptible d’avoir accueilli un campement.

Selon ce que rapporte Donat Robichaud, la région est visitée par des pêcheurs Normands et Bretons dès la fin du XIIIe siècle. Les Bretons sont en fait bien établis avant 1536. Les Basques chassent la baleine en Europe à partir du XIIe siècle ou plus tôt mais, à la suite de l’effondrement de la population de ces cétacés, commencent à les chasser au sud du Labrador au XVIe siècle, en plus de pêcher la morue. Ces pêcheurs viennent surtout du Pays basque espagnol mais ceux du Pays basque français deviennent de plus en plus nombreux. Ils sont déjà bien installés vers 1540. Contrairement à une idée répandue, ils n’ont pas chassés la baleine de plus en plus loin jusqu’à atteindre l’Amérique mais s’y sont rendus directement. Vers 1632, les pêcheurs de morue basques se déplacent dans des endroits plus reculés, dont Caraquet, Paspébiac et Shippagan large metal water bottle, notamment pour éviter les attaques des Inuits et des pirates anglais ou danois, mais aussi à cause de la baisse de la population de baleine et de l’ouverture de la pêche au Svalbard. La pêche basque dans la région dure sans encombres jusque vers la fin du XVIIe siècle.

Le , le Conseil souverain donne la concession de Pokemouche à Philippe Hesnault, de Nipisiguit, lui ajoutant trois lieues de largeur de chaque côté de la vallée, pour un total de huit lieues par quatre, un territoire qui inclut le site de Pointe-Sauvage. Michel Degrez, qui possédait auparavant la seigneurie, devait 200 livres à Hesnault, ce qui explique probablement cette décision. Hesnault ne s’établit pas sur les lieux et d’autres marchands en profitent pour chasser sur ses terres. Il porte plainte au Conseil et obtient gain de cause le contre le directeur général de la Compagnie de Mont-Louis, Jean de Clarmont. On ne sait pas avec précision ce qui est arrivé au fief de Pokemouche après la mort d’Hesnault.

1786 : la paroisse d’Alnwick est érigée dans le comté de Northumberland .

1814 : la paroisse de Saumarez est créée à partir de portions de la paroisse d’Alnwick et d’un territoire non organisé.

1826 : le comté de Gloucester est créé à partir des paroisses de Saumarez et de Beresford, du comté de Northumberland.

1831 : la paroisse de Caraquet est créée à partir d’une portion de la paroisse de Saumarez.

1851 : la paroisse de Shippagan est créée à partir d’une portion de la paroisse de Caraquet.

1851 : la paroisse d’Inkerman est créée à partir de portions des paroisses de Caraquet et de Shippagan.

1867 : Confédération canadienne.

Années 1870 : le comté de Gloucester est constitué en municipalité.

1947 : Shippagan est constitué en municipalité dans le territoire de la paroisse.

1958 : le village de Shippagan obtient le statut de ville.

1966 : la municipalité du comté de Gloucester est dissoute good goalkeeper gloves. La paroisse de Shippagan devient un District de services locaux. Des portions de la paroisse sont détachées pour former le village de Lamèque ainsi que les DSL de Le Goulet, de Sainte-Marie-sur-Mer et de Saint-Raphaël-sur-Mer.

1968 : le DSL de Pointe-Brûlée est créé à partir d’une portion de la paroisse de Shippagan.

1974 : le DSL de Pointe-Sauvage est créé à partir d’une portion de la paroisse de Shippagan.

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D’après le recensement de Statistique Canada, il y avait 112 habitants en 2006, comparativement à 123 en 2001, soit une baisse de 8,9 %. Il y a 39 logements privés, dont 38 occupés par des résidents habituels. Le village a une superficie de 2,18 km2 et une densité de population de 51,5 habitants au kilomètre carré.

La pêche est importante dans l’économie régionale. De nombreux habitants travaillent à Shippagan, qui possède des commerces, un parc industriel et des services publics. Entreprise Péninsule, un organisme basé à Tracadie-Sheila faisant partie du réseau Entreprise, a la responsabilité du développement économique de la région.

En tant que district de services locaux, Pointe-Sauvage est en théorie administré directement par le Ministère des Gouvernements locaux du Nouveau-Brunswick, secondé par un comité consultatif élu composé de cinq membres dont un président. Il n’y a actuellement aucun comité consultatif.

Pointe-Sauvage fait partie de la Région 4, une commission de services régionaux (CSR) devant commencer officiellement ses activités le . Contrairement aux municipalités, les DSL sont représentés au conseil par un nombre de représentants proportionnel à leur population et leur assiette fiscale. Ces représentants sont élus par les présidents des DSL mais sont nommés par le gouvernement s’il n’y a pas assez de présidents en fonction. Les services obligatoirement offerts par les CSR sont l’aménagement régional, l’aménagement local dans le cas des DSL, la gestion des déchets solides, la planification des mesures d’urgence ainsi que la collaboration en matière de services de police, la planification et le partage des coûts des infrastructures régionales de sport, de loisirs et de culture thermos vacuum insulated 18 ounce stainless steel hydration bottle; d’autres services pourraient s’ajouter à cette liste.

 Nouveau-Brunswick: Pointe-Sauvage fait partie de la circonscription de Lamèque-Shippagan-Miscou, qui est représentée à l’Assemblée législative du Nouveau-Brunswick par Wilfred Roussel, du Parti libéral. Il fut élu en 2014.

 Canada: Pointe-Sauvage fait partie de la circonscription fédérale d’Acadie-Bathurst. Cette circonscription est représentée à la Chambre des communes du Canada par Yvon Godin, du NPD. Il fut élu lors de l’élection de 1997 contre le député sortant Doug Young, en raison du mécontentement provoqué par une réforme du régime d’assurance-emploi.

Dans la foulée du projet une péninsule une ville des années 1990, un projet de regroupement municipal plus modeste, centré autour de Shippagan, est lancé en 2012. Les premières consultations publiques ont lieu en mars 2016 et un plébiscite doit avoir lieu le 14 novembre suivant.

Les élèves francophones bénéficient d’écoles à Shippagan. La ville de Shippagan possède également le CCNB-Péninsule acadienne et un campus de l’Université de Moncton.

Les anglophones bénéficient d’une école à Brantville accueillant les élèves de la maternelle à la huitième année. Ils doivent ensuite poursuivre leurs études à Miramichi. Les établissements d’enseignement supérieurs anglophones les plus proches sont à Fredericton ou Miramichi.

Il y a une bibliothèque publique à Shippagan.

La population est en grande partie dépendante de localités voisines, notamment Shippagan, pour les loisirs et les services. Le détachement de la Gendarmerie royale du Canada le plus proche est d’ailleurs situé à Shippagan. Cette ville dispose d’un poste d’Ambulance Nouveau-Brunswick alors que l’hôpital le plus est l’hôpital de Lamèque.

Existant depuis le , la Commission de gestion des déchets solides de la Péninsule acadienne (COGEDES) a son siège-social à Caraquet. Les déchets sont transférés au centre de transbordement de Tracadie-Sheila et les matières non-recyclables sont ensuite enfouies à Allardville.

Les francophones bénéficient du quotidien L’Acadie nouvelle, publié à Caraquet, ainsi que de l’hebdomadaire L’Étoile, de Dieppe. Les anglophones bénéficient quant à eux du quotidien Telegraph-Journal, publié à Saint-Jean.

Pointe-Sauvage est mentionné dans le recueil de poésie La terre tressée, de Claude Le Bouthillier.

Hôtel de Grandval-Caligny

Hôtel de Grandval-Caligny

L’hôtel de Grandval-Caligny est un hôtel particulier du XVIIIXVIIIe siècle par Adrien Morel, écuyer, sieur de Saint-Cyr, ou par son fils Adrien Morel de Courcy, gouverneur de Valognes, l’hôtel est agrandi d’un pavillon latéral par le gendre de ce dernier, Anténor-Louis Hue de Caligny de Cruyningham, vers le milieu du XVIIIe siècle.

Il conserve le nom de la famille de Caligny hydration pack for running, et de Michel Bauquet de Grandval, époux de Rose Henriette Hüe de Caligny, fille d’Anténor Guillaume Hüe de Caligny, et petite-fille d’Anténor-Louis. Il reste dans la famille de Caligny jusqu’à la fin du XIXe siècle. En 1877 l’hôtel est acheté par Monsieur Le Maréchal propriétaire du Grand Hôtel du Louvre voisin, puis, au début du XXe siècle, devient la propriété de la famille Fauvel large metal water bottle.

L’hôtel est doté d’un rare exemple de terrasse à double balustrade, d’une cour d’honneur pavée, et d’un escalier intérieur en pierre avec rampe en fer forgé. Ses façades et toitures donnant sur la rue, le jardin à la française, sont également inscrits à l’inventaire des monuments historiques le 21 septembre 1982.

Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly y réside chaque été et automne dans l’appartement du premier étage avec quatre vastes chambres de 1872 jusqu’au 6 décembre 1887. Dormant dans le lit de son père, il dispose le buste de sa grand-tante sur la cheminée monumentale, le “Buste-Jaune” . C’est là qu’il met la dernière main à son recueil de nouvelles Les Diaboliques (1874) jogging water bottle belt.

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